The Boston Office Market Keeps On Marching
Simply put, Boston is — and will continue to be — a top destination for tenants and capital alike. With strong market fundamentals and key drivers (education, finance, healthcare, life sciences and technology), 2018 is likely to be another terrific year for the commercial real estate sector.
Boston’s urban core comprises four major submarkets: Downtown, Back Bay, Seaport and Cambridge. Together, these submarkets total more than 96.1 million square feet of office and lab space. This sector of the market features a vacancy rate of approximately 8.8 percent, positive net absorption of more than 300,000 square feet in 2017, and rental rates that are on the rise.
Boston’s urban office market is largely driven by the region’s high concentration of educational institutions, financial and professional services, healthcare, life sciences and, perhaps most important, technology. These industries excel in the Boston area due to its high concentration of knowledge workers and its spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship.
The biggest trend impacting Boston recently has been the large-scale relocations of tenants into the urban core — both from within and outside of the market. This is a trend that shows little signs of slowing down.
• GE — Perhaps the most significant move of all, GE relocated its headquarters from Fairfield, Connecticut, where it had been headquartered since 1974. In an effort to reshape the company and prepare for the new economy, GE needed access to skilled labor and the top research universities in the world.
• Alexion — Alexion Pharmaceuticals also found Boston’s store of intellectual capital hard to resist, highlighted by the company’s decision to relocate its corporate headquarters from Connecticut to 150,000 square feet in the recently completed 121 Seaport Boulevard.
• PTC — The other tenant taking space at 121 Seaport Boulevard is a Needham-based technology company, which will move its headquarters into the remaining 250,000 square feet.
• Bose — Similar to PTC, in an effort to skew the company’s workforce younger, Bose will relocate a large portion of its workforce from Framingham into nearly 100,000 square feet at Boston Landing, which is also the global headquarters of New Balance.
Other tenants making the move into the urban core include Reebok, Converse, America’s Test Kitchen and Autodesk. And Amazon is rumored to be in the market with a requirement for 500,000 square feet of space, with an eye on the Seaport.
Investors of all shapes and sizes have taken note of the above trends, with 2017 being a very active year for Boston transaction activity, including acquisitions by Deutsche Asset Management (100 Northern Avenue), Morgan Stanley (250 & 253 Summer Street), CIM (1000 Washington Street and 321 Harrison Avenue), AIG (the HIVE), Jumbo Capital Management (50 Congress Street), Ashkenazy Acquisitions Corporation (South Station) and Bentall Kennedy (93 Summer Street). The only factor limiting transaction volume in 2017 was a lack of inventory, as demand far outstrips supply.
2018 is sure to be another terrific year for the Boston office market. On the fundamental side, tenants will continue to relocate to the urban core to take advantage of public transportation, the young and talented workforce and the existing ecosystem of knowledge-based workers. On the investment side, core capital will continue to chase the few deals that will likely come to market. It is important to point out that this pent-up demand has compressed yields for core assets in gateway markets, and that further compression may occur for the right asset. One thing is certain, Boston will continue to be a target in 2018, whether it’s tenants seeking to attract talent or capital seeking stable cash flow in one of the country’s strongest office markets.
— By Ben Sayles, senior director, HFF, and Robert Butler, associate, HFF. This article first appeared in the January/February 2018 issue of Northeast Real Estate Business magazine.